What is anaphylaxis?
Anaphylaxis is a severe and potentially life-threatening allergic reaction that occurs rapidly after exposure to an allergen. Symptoms may include difficulty breathing, swelling, hives, low blood pressure, and can progress to a state of shock. Immediate medical attention is required.
What are the symptoms of anaphylaxis?
Symptoms of anaphylaxis may include difficulty breathing, swelling of the face or throat, hives, vomiting, dizziness, or a drop in blood pressure. It requires immediate medical attention.
How is anaphylaxis treated?
The primary treatment for anaphylaxis is epinephrine (adrenaline) injection, which helps reverse the severe symptoms. After administering epinephrine, individuals should seek emergency medical care.
What can cause anaphylaxis?
Common triggers for anaphylaxis include certain foods (e.g., peanuts, shellfish), medications (e.g., penicillin), insect stings (e.g., bee venom), latex, and sometimes exercise or unknown factors.
What precautions should someone with a history of anaphylaxis take?
Individuals with a history of anaphylaxis should carry an epinephrine auto-injector at all times, wear a medical ID bracelet, inform others about their allergy, and avoid known triggers.
What is the difference between allergies and anaphylaxis?
Allergies are immune responses to specific substances, while anaphylaxis is a severe and potentially life-threatening allergic reaction.
How can you prevent anaphylaxis?
Preventing anaphylaxis involves identifying and avoiding triggers, carrying an epinephrine auto-injector, and having an action plan in case of an allergic reaction.
What is the role of antihistamines in managing allergies?
Antihistamines help relieve allergy symptoms by blocking the effects of histamine, a chemical released during an allergic reaction. They can help reduce itching, sneezing, and runny nose.
What are some common food allergens that can cause anaphylaxis?
Common food allergens that can cause anaphylaxis include peanuts, tree nuts, shellfish, fish, milk, eggs, soy, and wheat.
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